How Can I Minimize the Risk When Investing in Stocks?

Upword moving stocks

One of the essential questions you need to answer before investing in the stock market is, “How do you minimize risk?”. Everyone would be highly successful if we could accurately foresee market volatility and eradicate trading uncertainties.
The stock market’s inherent nature is shaped by its instability, which sets it apart. The values are in a perpetual flux, fluctuating upwards or downwards. Given the unfeasibility of completely eradicating risk, the focus shifts to minimizing it while optimizing profits. This can be achieved by adopting a well-structured risk management approach and taking positional calls Indian stock market. This article explains how to minimize risk when investing in stocks.

5 Ways to Minimize Risk When Investing Stock

minimize risk to maximize profit

Here are the top five ways you can minimize risk when investing in stocks:

Conduct Thorough Research

It is essential to consistently conduct thorough research before engaging in any investment vehicle, given your accountability for your financial decisions. For instance, if you intend to purchase stocks for long-term investment goals, evaluating managerial performance and critical metrics such as the Debt-Equity ratio and PE ratio becomes essential. Employing fundamental analysis provides insights into the company’s prospective performance over the coming years. Relying on external advice without due diligence could result in financial losses, thus heightening the associated investment risks.

Understand your Risk Tolerance

Risk Capacity is an investor’s capacity to withstand the potential loss of their invested capital. This capacity is primarily influenced by factors like the investor’s age and existing financial commitments. To illustrate, a person in their mid-20s who is single and has limited financial obligations might exhibit higher risk capacity than investors in their late 50s who are married and supporting children in college. Thus, a broad guideline is that younger investors generally possess greater risk capacity than their older counterparts.

Ensure Appropriate Portfolio Liquidity:

Exercise caution! Unforeseen financial issues can come at any time. Therefore, it becomes essential to have the capability to liquidate investments even during market downturns. This risk can be managed by maintaining a satisfactory level of liquidity. By incorporating liquid assets within your portfolio, your existing investments can yield optimal returns over the long run, enabling you to capitalize on periodic market adjustments.

Creating a contingency fund, equivalent to 6 to 8 months’ worth of expenses, is one method to sustain sufficient liquidity within your portfolio. To facilitate easy access to emergency funds, it’s advisable to incorporate low-risk investment alternatives such as Liquid Funds and Overnight Funds in your portfolio. Once you’ve assessed your risk tolerance and allocated funds to ensure adequate liquidity, the next step involves devising an asset allocation strategy tailored to your circumstances.


stock market chart

Once you’ve identified the optimal combination of asset classes that align with our portfolio goals, an additional method to minimize overall investment risk involves diversifying our investments within the same asset class. For instance, broadening investment scope to encompass large, middle, or small-cap equity mutual funds can be advantageous if you focus on Equity Mutual funds.
In market downturns, smaller-cap companies often experience sharper price declines compared to their larger counterparts. Therefore, diversification across our portfolio effectively diminishes the overarching investment risk.

Inspect Regularly

After following the above methods, inspecting your investment portfolio consistently is essential. The fact that you are a long-term investor doesn’t imply a one-time investment with subsequent neglect. Instead, it entails monitoring the performance of your portfolio, taking swing trading calls, and conducting periodic evaluations.

It is advisable to carry out portfolio evaluations every six months. This is because specific asset categories, such as equities, are susceptible to short-term fluctuations. As a dedicated long-term investor, it is essential to navigate through these short-term volatilities and consider adjustments only if your investments exhibit prolonged subpar performance.


Risk is an innate aspect of investing, although the degree of risk varies across different investment options. Each investment approach carries its own set of potential risks; effectively handling them is the key to optimizing your financial returns. Before pursuing greater returns, it’s crucial to assess the associated risks meticulously. Experienced investors understand that losing money is often more effortless than accruing it.


1)  It’s advisable not to enter/exit beyond the recommended range.
2)  Strictly follow the StopLoss as mentioned. Honour it.
3)  Use trailing StopLoss to retain profits.
4)  Diversify trading capital into our other technical recommendations.
5)  Risk only the money what you can afford to lose. Hedge accordingly.


The research analysis is prepared by Arijit Banerjee, CMT, CFTe. He is a veteran trader and an active investor having in-depth knowledge in financial market research, advanced technical analysis, market cycle, algorithmic trading and portfolio management. Arijit is a Chartered Market Technician (CMT) accredited by CMT Association USA, the leading global authority of Technical Analysis and has been honoured by Certified Financial Technician (CFTe) from the International Federation of Technical Analysts, USA. SEBI, the regulatory body of Indian financial market also recognizes him as a Research Analyst (INH300006582).


The views expressed herein are based solely on information available publicly/internal data/other sources believed to be reliable, but is not necessarily all-inclusive and is not guaranteed as to accuracy. The recommendations provided herein is solely for informational purposes and are not intended to be and must not be taken alone as the basis for an investment/trading decision. Trading and investing are subject to market risk and the securities discussed and opinions expressed herein may not be suitable for all investors. To read the full disclosure, please click here.

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